Author: Prof Jan Hattingh

The baptism in the Holy Spirit in perspective

Prof WJ Hattingh gave the following presentation at Auckland Park Theological Seminary during the one-day seminar on the Holy Spirit on the 18th of October 2016.


This presentation will unfold as follows:

  • Secondly, I will give a Biblical alternative of the Holy Spirit and His work, with examples from the Old Testament.
  • I will discuss an important Hermeneutic key to guide our understanding of the work of the Holy Spirit.
  • We will especially give attention to Jesus’ visit to His disciples during the night after His resurrection and His command to them a few days before His ascension.
  • In conclusion, I will present three truths we cannot disregard.

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Doubt and Easter

There will always be doubt

Doubt was and will always be one of life’s challenges. Our world has never been without the temptation to doubt.

In the beginning, we find the snake’s question to Eve: “Did God really tell you not to eat fruit from any tree in the garden” (Gen 3:1). This question was intended to suggest something along the lines of: “Is God really so nasty in that He does not allow you to eat the fruit from all the trees?” With this question the Devil created the perception that God is not good and sowed doubt in her heart.

The Devil even approached Jesus to plant a seed of doubt when he tempted Him: “If you are God’s Son, order these stones to turn into bread.”   After having spent forty days and nights in the desert without food, the Devil tempted a fragile and hungry Jesus with doubt. It was a temptation to go for a shortcut and to tempt God to prove his care for his Son and his Son’s mission.

The world has never been without doubt: doubt in God’s goodness, love and His involvement in this disastrous world and in our own endangered personal lives. People usually ask many “why” questions when things go wrong and events happen which is seemingly against the belief in an almighty and loving God.

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4 common mistakes Christians make

As Christians we are prone to make a few very common mistakes, which can have major destructive consequences (sometimes even more so than the results of common sins), namely:

1.  We tend to underestimate God’s greatness.  God wants us to constantly recognise His greatness.  Or at least progressively grasp part of the extent thereof.  In the Old Testament God regularly ensures His people of His greatness by declaring that He is the Creator and Sustainer of the whole universe.

Paul was convinced that the extent of God’s greatness surpasses our mental capacity.  He therefore prays in his first prayer to the Ephesians that the Holy Spirit must reveal God to us so that we may know Him better (Eph 1:17).  However, if we underestimate God’s greatness then we are living based on inaccurate facts, therefore making wrong decisions and even becoming prone to sin.  As a Christian it is of absolute importance to allow the Holy Spirit to constantly convince us of God’s greatness.

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I am a pastor: please help me with ‘ancestral worship’

Dear Prof Hattingh,

I am currently leading an Assembly. The men’s department decided to have a discussion about ancestral worship. I need your help regarding the following verses: 1 Samuel 28: 15/16 & Luke 16: 24-29.

After the discussions I will be required to give direction on this matter.  Can you kindly clarify these verses for me within the context of ancestral worship?

The story in 1 Samuel 28 is one of the most strange and inconceivable stories of the Old Testament.  It is also a very sad story of Israel’s first anointed king falling into sin and the grip of darkness, so much so that he afterwards killed himself.  Furthermore, it is also a display of the strange reality of darkness and evil – it is a story of the night.

It is strange, if you read the story hastily, that a saint of God like the prophet Samuel responded to the call of a medium and spiritualist. She was, however, shocked and cried out in fear when she saw Samuel and immediately recognised Saul, the king.  She was not fully clued-in with the situation.

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I am a pastor: please help me with ‘theology’

Is theology important? I mean to say: Is it important to discuss theological matters or to study theology? Is theology of any concern to pastors in today’s world?

I have heard people commenting: “I am only a pastor or I am only a Christian and I am not practicing theology.” Sometimes the impression is created that you are a more God-orientated Christian when you are NOT practicing theology. This confuses me for, as a pastor, I am serious about God and doing His will.


Forgive me for attempting to discuss such a rich topic as theology in this short post. The word theology comes from two words: “Theos” (God) and “logos” (word), which means “words of God” or “talking about God”.

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I’m a pastor, please help me: the importance of God’s calling

What does it mean to be called by God? When did God call me? How does it happen? Are you special because you believe you are called? Must people call you pastor or by some other name? Does God treat you in a special way and should people treat you differently?

Are only pastors called by God? If not, what is the difference between other people called by God and a pastor called by God? Should they be in full-time ministry? Are there some misconceptions regarding God’s calling? Please help me, I am a pastor and I must understand my calling and myself.

Paul’s calling

Paul said God called him before his birth, while still in his mother’s womb. How did he know he was called?

I believe God called him for his ministry based on the fact that he wrote 13 books, which were taken up as part of God’s Holy Word, the Bible. The fruit of his life testified of his calling.

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I am a pastor: please help me understand God’s grace

1. The problem statement

The struggle between the grace of God and sinful Christian living is not an unknown battle in the church.

This struggle raises urgent questions: if a Christian is living only by grace, what about our sins? Does the grace of God mean that grace covers all our sins? Must we be more lenient towards Christians who sin? Will an appeal for a holy, Christ-like living according to God’s will, lead to an underestimation of God’s grace in Jesus? When do we fall back to “righteousness” by keeping the law, against which Paul so furiously warned us?

What is the outstanding marvel of God’s grace in Jesus Christ?

Where is the line between grace and responsible holy living?

2. Abundance of grace

John wrote one of the most important portions in the Bible on the grace of God: “The Word became a human being and, full of grace (steadfast or kind love, love in action) and truth (faithfulness, Jesus himself was the truth and He revealed God truthfully to us), lived amongst us (pitched his tent amongst us). We saw his glory (greatness), the glory He received as the Father’s only Son… Out of his fullness we all have received, grace upon grace (we experience one expression of God’s grace after another from his fullness). For the law was given by Moses, but grace and truth by Jesus Christ. No one has ever seen God. The only Son, who is the same as God and is at the Father’s side (bosom, heart, closest to Him) has made Him known (explained God)” (John 1: 14, 16, 17).

Jesus, who came from the heart of his Father, revealed his Father to us. This is the most authentic and accurate revelation of God, but it is also, according to the content, the most astonishing truth of God’s attitude towards people.

Whatever you try to say about the content or truth of these few verses, one must first consider the source of the content, who is the Giver of the grace and what is the substance of the grace and truth?

3. Old Testament covenant fulfilled in Jesus

To comprehend the meaning of “grace upon grace” we may attempt to understand it from an Old Testament perspective.

God made a covenant with His people. On the one side of the covenant was a loving God with his everlasting faithfulness that reaches to the heavens; on the other side were his people with their ever recurring unfaithfulness which reached a breaking point during the times of the great prophets. This covenant became a sinking ship on the rocks of God’s people’s sins and unfaithfulness.

“Grace upon grace” means that God in his holy Son Jesus, became man. He also became the second partner in the covenant. He took our position in which we had failed. He paid with his death for our sins and became a faithful and true partner of his Father’s covenant. “Grace upon grace” is the truth of God on both sides of the covenant so that we may experience God’s goodness and love.

Grace is sometimes explained as faithful love or kind love or love in action. This abundance of grace is the result of God’s immeasurable love. Paul prayed that the Holy Spirit may take us on a journey to comprehend God’s love in Jesus Christ, but then he concluded: “that surpasses knowledge,” (Eph 3:19). God’s love is greater than we can ever think or imagine. We are not saved by our own works, or any merits we think we deserve, but by God’s abundance of grace alone.

4. Grace is always without merit from our side, no self-righteousness

Salvation from beginning to end is a gift of God’s grace, it is only by faith in Jesus Christ that a sinner can be reconciled with God. This is one of the greatest Biblical truths which people, right trough the history of the church, tampered with and which they changed to all kinds of moralism, legalism, human self-righteousness, and a holiness consisting of human merits. This will always be a strategy of Satan, a very dangerous one, coming to us camouflaged as an angel of light. Let us be clear on this Biblical truth: all people are sinners and cannot save themselves, they can only be saved by faith in the grace of God through Jesus Christ. Even their possibilities to go to heaven are based on grace and not on merits.

5. The grace God offers us in his holy Son Jesus Christ is more than: a free-of-charge deal, it is a total new life

However, grace is much more than ‘pasella’, a free-of-charge deal. Grace is God’s miracle in Jesus Christ. It is God in action in Jesus, changing humanity and the world to something totally new. It is nothing less than a new creation, a new reality, a dominion established once and for all by Jesus Christ. To understand this you must also understand the meaning of “truth” that goes with grace.

6. Grace and truth

Truth may correctly be understood as the truth against the lie. In addition, according to the gospel of John it is much more, it is: the world of God, the world of truth, light and life against the world of the devil, the world of the lie, darkness, sin and death. The devil is the father of the lie. Jesus brought the truth of God. Jesus, as God himself, revealed the truth of who God really is. According to John, Jesus himself is the truth in everything He did for us, in His death and resurrection.

“Grace and truth” is the subject matter of God almighty coming to the world in the life of Jesus and what He did for us. It is everything Jesus stands for. When we accept this it becomes quite clear that: when grace is only a free of charge business without the changing power of Jesus that changes a sinner to a person with a new lifestyle, there is no grace at all. In the New Testament the grace of Jesus is always His power through the Holy Spirit working in Christians to empower them and to change them to the image of Christ.

7. Grace changes a Christian to be an active participant. The changing power of grace

In this changing event of grace a Christian becomes an active participant. You find a marvelous example in Philippians 3:12: “I press on to take hold of that for which Christ Jesus took hold of me.”

What Jesus Christ did in His death and resurrection is a fact (indicative). This fact is miraculously applied by the Holy Spirit in a Christian’s life. This new life created through Christ, makes a Christian a true and genuine covenant partner, a partner who wants to – and is able to comply to his part of the covenant, to obey God’s commands (imperative): “for it is God who works in you to will and to act according to his good purpose.” (Phil 2:13). A Christian becomes a genuine partner who loves God and has decided to obey God and serve Him vigorously. God takes hold of a Christian, enabling him to constantly hold onto God. This human effort is made possible by God’s intervention of grace that precedes our effort.

Grace is God’s enabling power that helps people to always say no to sin and yes to a Christ-like living, much more, in fact to enable them to live a holy life. In other words, somebody who experiences God’s grace, is not judgmental towards others, but is serious about the reality and seriousness of sin.

8. The disastrous reality of sin versus a life in the grace and truth of Christ

Paul has another argument why a life built on God’s grace cannot be tolerant towards sin. He asked the question: “shall we continue in sin, that grace may abound?” His answer was clear-cut: “God forbid. How shall we, that are dead to sin, live any longer therein?” His argument is that sin brings a bondage to the devil and he becomes your master, while a Christian is freed from the bondage of sin to serve the Lord as his new Master.

It is two different worlds and lifestyles: one of bondage to the devil and sin, darkness, evil and rebellion against God; and the other one of freedom, of Christ in us and the Holy Spirit working Christ’s resurrection power and holiness in us, and eternal life.

To the Ephesians Paul wrote that we are saved by grace and that: “for we are God’s workmanship, created (recreated) in Christ Jesus to do good works, which God prepared in advance for us to do.” (2;10).

How is it possible to be sitting with Christ in heaven, to be in Christ and to have all his fullness in us and still keep on living as a sinner with the perception that God’s grace gives us an okay.

Christians who really experience God’s grace will always be serious about the fear of the Lord and Christ-like living.

9. End times

In this struggle between grace and righteousness, there may be something to consider that Paul warned us against during the end times: “for the time will come when men will not put up with sound doctrine. Instead, to suit their own desires, they gather around them a great number of teachers to say what their itching ears want to hear.” (2 Tim 3:3). We may have such a desire to influence people positively for our church that we twist the truth. There is a daring and amazing arrogant attack on Biblical truths today.

May the good Lord of grace keep you close to Him. Enjoy your preaching.

Your friend

Jan Hattingh

The second coming

1. Believers need to be able to read the times

Jesus criticised his followers for being able to read the signs of nature yet not being able to recognise the time of His coming (Matt 24).  Although nobody will know the hour or day of Jesus’ second coming, Jesus surely wants us to be able to ‘read’ the times of his coming and to be prepared for it.

In this seminar we tried to understand what forces are working in our world and the events around us in these gripping end-times.  The church needs to understand what is going on and be capable of equipping God’s people for the challenges ahead.

2. Antichrist time – a time of deception

The end-times will be antichrist times.  It will mean an enormous accumulation of the works of the devil, Satan.  The serpent of Genesis 3, which was the most subtle of all beasts of the field, became a great red dragon (Rev 12-13) that swept away a third of the stars of heaven with its tail and threw them to the earth.

In Revelations, Satan – the great dragon, the serpent of old – with the help of the beast coming out of the sea and the beast coming out of the earth, performed great signs which deceived and amazed the world into worshiping the dragon and following the beast.

Jesus (Matt 24) and Paul (2 Thess 2) confirm that there will be a time when Satan’s activities will escalate and be accompanied by signs and wonders, falsehood, deception and wickedness as never before.

3. Some of the things which will be of crucial importance, are:

3.1  Faith in Jesus Christ, God’s Holy Son

In a postmodern and global world, our faith in Jesus Christ will always be severely challenged.  This truth is more than a cognitive fact in our minds, it is a conviction of faith that has become part of our lives and in our daily living.  In a Christian’s daily life God will allow for one’s faith to be tested and pushed to the limit so that: “we should not trust in ourselves but in God who raised the dead” (2 Cor 1:9).   It is thus reasonable to assume that personal hardships may increase during this time.

3.2  Truth – what is right and what is wrong?

We are living in a postmodern world where all truths become relative and the Bible is perceived as a book written by humans only and thus all God’s truths are questioned.  (Keep in mind that this is the time of the greatest deception and you will realise the risk associated with the current world-view of our times.)

In this world, the fear of God, a high regard of the Bible, and obedience to God’s will, are of utmost importance.  Pastors and all Christians must strive to be experts in understanding the Bible.

3.3  Power of the Holy Spirit

In the context of the challenges of the end-times, it becomes important to envisage Paul on his knees before God the Father, praying that Christians be strengthened with power through His Spirit in the inner man (Eph 3:16).  We seriously need to rethink and recapture the power of the Holy Spirit in the personal life of all Christians.

Maybe from a Christian’s perspective, the concept ‘end-times’  is not correct.  The end-times refer to the end of sorrow, pain, sin and Satan.  But for a Christian it is a beginning.   Jesus said that the end-times will only be the birth pains of the new heaven and earth – God’s dream for us over the ages… something marvelous!

Your friend,
Jan Hattingh

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