Hier is vir u ‘n beskrywing van die herlewing wat onder kinders in die vroeë dae van Pinkster in Suid Afrika plaasgevind het (Al bruis die Jordaan, 1969. J.C. de Ferrieres – Tant Sannie):
“In 1940 het die Uitvoerende Raad van my kerk die eerste nasionale Paaskonferensie op ‘n plaas in Emmarentia (nou ‘n voorstad van Johannesburg) gehou. Ek is gevra om verantwoordelikheid te neem vir die dienste wat twee keer per dag vir die kinders gehou sou word. Hierdie dienste is gehou terwyl die ouers die konferensie dienste in ‘n aparte tent wat sitplek vir 4,000 volwassenes gebied het, bygewoon het.
1. Who is the Holy Spirit?
I think many Christians do not know who the Holy Spirit is. Often He is described as the unknown God. But the Bible’s view of the Holy Spirit is that He is the unseen but real person, presence, power and activity of God.
In the Synoptic Gospels the Holy Spirit was active at the birth of Jesus and his anointment by God during his baptism (Mt 3:16, Mk 1:8, Lk 3:16). The Synoptics also articulate that Jesus is the source of the work of the Holy Spirit for he …baptises in the Holy Spirit and with fire… (Mt 3:11; Mk 1:8; Lk 3:16). In the Gospel of John the Holy Spirit is called the Paraclete (or Comforter, Counsellor, Helper, the Spirit of truth; Jh 15:26). In Acts (2:4, 38) the baptism with the Spirit was an act of God who empowered the disciples and early Church and was accompanied by both unusual visible and audible phenomena. Paul articulates the Holy Spirit as the divine energy or dynamic of the new life whose Head is the living Christ (1 Rm 15:13; Eph 5:18; 1 Th 1:5). Paul helped to personalise men’s thinking about the conception of the Spirit. In Revelation the Holy Spirit is called Seven Spirits or the Seven Eyes of God (Rv 1:4, 3:1, 4:5, 5:6). The number seven is a symbolic indication of the plenitude of the Holy Spirit. The Seven Eyes of God are symbolic of the Spirit as the eyes of God. He sees the entire cosmos. Nothing escapes him. He is the Spirit of perception (the Deus praesens). He is also identified with the eyes of every individual believer (5:6). Through the Spirit, John is able to perceive the need in the seven congregations.
“A man with an experience is not at the mercy of an argument.”
gave the following presentation at Auckland Park Theological Seminary during the one-day seminar on the Holy Spirit on the 18th of October 2016.
The heading: The Law of God and the Fruit of the Spirit might seem to be an unusual combination, because when the Law is discussed, it is usually done opposed to grace and not in connection with the Fruit of the Spirit.
However, the connection between the Law of God and the Fruit of the Spirit is actually something very real in the Bible. But before discussing this connection, the meaning of the concepts “Law of God” and “the Fruit of the Spirit” should be clarified.
As far as the Law of God is concerned, also called the torah of God in the Old Testament and later translated in the New Testament with nomos, we refer to the will of God. For the Jews torah was seen as the direction in which God’s finger points. In other words, torah is an expression of the will of God for man. Therefore, it stands to reason that the Law of God can never be seen as something that has fallen away or having been abolished. The will of God cannot be dealt with like that!
The subject of the spirit world is awfully overlooked in Christian theology. What contributed to this theological omission was largely due to the Enlightenment presuppositions which essentially denied the existence of the spirit world. This caused early missionaries to simply fail to see a natural consequence of the primal worldview which allows for the interrelationship between the natural world and that of spirits and gods or simply between the material and the spiritual worlds. This secular or non super-naturalistic worldview tends to exclude such a relationship, so it questions the whole concept or phenomenon of spirit possession. Witchcraft and sorcery are explained and analysed in psychological, medical and non-religious terms.
Prof WJ Hattingh gave the following presentation at Auckland Park Theological Seminary during the one-day seminar on the Holy Spirit on the 18th of October 2016.
This presentation will unfold as follows:
- Secondly, I will give a Biblical alternative of the Holy Spirit and His work, with examples from the Old Testament.
- I will discuss an important Hermeneutic key to guide our understanding of the work of the Holy Spirit.
- We will especially give attention to Jesus’ visit to His disciples during the night after His resurrection and His command to them a few days before His ascension.
- In conclusion, I will present three truths we cannot disregard.
A sermon by John G. Lake in 1921.
Listen to the sermon (32 min, 43Mb) - read by Stephen Bankart.
The Baptism of the Holy Ghost is the greatest event in Christian history. Greater than the Crucifixion, of greater import than the Resurrection, greater than the Ascension, greater than the glorification. It was the end and finality of Crucifixion and Resurrection, Ascension and glorification.
If Jesus Christ had been crucified, and there had been no resurrection, His death would have been without avail, in so far as the salvation of mankind is concerned. Or if He had risen from the grave in resurrection, and failed to reach the throne of God, and receive from the Father the Gift of the Holy Ghost, the purpose for which He died, and for which He arose, would have been missed.
How to make day-to-day decisions in difficult times?
How is the Christian to make day-to-day decisions in difficult times? We do live in difficult times. As Christians we are more than often confronted with situations in which we really do not have all the answers and guidelines. And Satan tries to make this world and the Church of God a stinking swamp.
Stay in an intimate relationship with God
Of course, first and foremost, the relationship between a Christian and God must be intact and fresh. Since God and his nature is our guide, we need to keep in contact with Him. There are basic moral and spiritual principles rooted in the nature of God, to which those in a right relationship with Him must conform their thoughts, words, and deeds. This provides resources for both the daily grind and the emergency situations. For these difficult situations we must try to stay prayed-up for such times.
Is theology important? I mean to say: Is it important to discuss theological matters or to study theology? Is theology of any concern to pastors in today’s world?
I have heard people commenting: “I am only a pastor or I am only a Christian and I am not practicing theology.” Sometimes the impression is created that you are a more God-orientated Christian when you are NOT practicing theology. This confuses me for, as a pastor, I am serious about God and doing His will.
Forgive me for attempting to discuss such a rich topic as theology in this short post. The word theology comes from two words: “Theos” (God) and “logos” (word), which means “words of God” or “talking about God”.
The African spirit world is one area that has been, for a long time, neglected or overlooked by the traditional (western) Christian theology with disastrous effects (Pomerville 1985:77). Even though the African worldview is akin to that world of New Testament times (see Malina et al 1996:14; Mugambi 1989:56g).
The Holy Spirit – A subdued Person
Equally overlooked in western (traditional) theology is the role of the Holy Spirit in the life of the individual and the community of faith. Menzies (1979:69) shows that until Reformation the doctrine of pneumatology developed only in terms of the essential being of the third person of the trinity.
Even in contemporary mission theology, the absence of the Holy Spirit is conspicuous. Melvin Hodges, a classical Pentecostal missiologist, describes the silence on the Holy Spirit as a neglect of an indispensable qualification for missions – the endowment of Pentecostal power (Hodges 1977:149). He links the relative success of Pentecostal missions directly with the place that Pentecostal give to the Holy Spirit – a place similar to that which New Testament believers gave to the Holy Spirit.
Auckland Park Theological Seminary hosted a one-day seminar on the Holy Spirit on the 9th of October 2013.
In Acts 19:2 Paul asked newly converted Christians in Ephesus if they have received the baptism in the Holy Spirit when they became born again. They replied that they have not even heard of the baptism in the Holy Sprit. This was only a few years after the coming of the Holy Spirit as described in Acts 2. The baptism in the Holy Spirit was such an extraordinary event and was an integral part of the great mission to evangelise to the whole world; yet only a few years later Paul found newly converted Christians who had not even heard of the Holy Spirit. It seems unbelievable that such an important truth of the gospel could be excluded?
When looking at the history of the church we see that for more than 1700 years there was almost no recording of the baptism in the Holy Spirit. In modern times, the first recording of a person baptised in the Holy Spirit was in the early 1900’s, resulting in the 1906 Azusa Street revival under the preaching of an African American preacher, William Seymour. Christians from different ethnical groups, economic status, ages and gender, worshipped the Lord together. By 1980, Pentecostals had grown to be the largest and fastest growing family of congregations in the world.
What is the present situation regarding the Holy Spirit in Pentecostal theology?
Do Pentecostals have a different experience with God that influences their perception about God?
The speakers’ presentations are available in both text and audio formats for your convenience:
- Prof K de Smidt:
- The Holy Spirit empowers God’s community to be people of God’s new world – a New Testament study.
- Prof WJ Hattingh:
- Ministry of the Holy Spirit: God’s truth exceedingly great and exceedingly close.
- Dr A Khathide:
- The Holy Spirit versus the spirits in Africa.
- Prof FP Möller:
- The manifestation and operation of God’s Spirit in regeneration and baptism in the Holy Spirit.